The Xanthomonas Resource
Species
Pathovar
Strain
Origin
Host
Disease
Description
NCBI ID
GenBank
RefSeq
Reference
URL
X. vasicola
musacearum
Kenyan
Kenya
Banana
Banana wilt
Banana bacterial wilt, an emerging disease of bananas in the great lakes region of Eastern Africa.
AGFQ00000000 (512 contigs)
unpublished
X. axonopodis
glycines
12-2
na
Soybean Glycine max
Bacterial pustule
AJJO00000000 (465 contigs)
unpublished
na
X. axonopodis
glycines
8ra
Ames, IA (1980)
Soybean (Glycine max)
Bacterial pustule
JDSU00000000 (13 contigs)
not available
na
X. arboricola
juglandis
NCPPB1447
na
Persian (English) walnut (Juglans regia)
Walnut blight
AJTL00000000 (371 contigs)
unpublished
na
Xanthomonas translucens
DAR61454
Australia (1988)
Wheat
Black chaff
na
Xanthomonas fragariae
LMG 25863
Belgium
Strawberry
Angular leaf spot
na
X. axonopodis
manihotis
CIO151
Cassava
Bacterial blight
not available
not available
not available
na
Xanthomonas fuscans
fuscans
4834-R
France (1998)
Bean
Common bacterial blight
na
X. arboricola
LMG 19145, LMG 19146
Strawberry, questioned by Vandroemme et al., 2013
Disease questioned by Vandroemme et al., 2013
not available
not available
not available
na
X. cassavae
CFBP 4642
Malawi (1951)
Cassava (Manihot esculenta)
Bacterial necrosis
ATMC00000000 (83 contigs)
not available
na
X. citri
malvacearum
X18, X20
Burkina Faso
Cotton (Gossypium spec.)
Bacterial blight
ATMA00000000 (22 contigs)
ATMB00000000 (17 contigs)
not available
na
X. axonopodis
malvacearum
GSPB 1386, GSPB 2388
Nicaragua (1986), Sudan (1994)
Cotton (Gossypium spec.)
Bacterial blight
AHIB00000000 (127 contigs)
AHIC00000000 (61 contigs)
na
X. transclucens
graminis
Xtg29
Switzerland
Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum)
Bacterial wilt
ANGG00000000 (788 contigs)
na
X. campestris
campestris
CN14, CN15, CN16
Guilin (China) (2003)
Brassica juncea var. foliosa, Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis, and Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis
Black rot
AQOP00000000 (165 contigs)
AQOO00000000 (73 contigs)
AQON00000000 (80 contigs)
na
X. arboricola
corylina
NCCB 100457
Colorado (USA) (2010)
Turkish Hazel (Corylus colurna)
Leaf spot
APMC00000000 (281 contigs)
na
X. citri
citri
Aw12879
Florida (USA)
Mexican lime (Citrus aurantifolia)
Citrus canker
na
X. campestris
campestris
Xca5
America
Brassicaceae
Black rot
CAOR00000000 (130 contigs)
na
X. campestris
na
JX
na
na
na
The strain is a efficient strain capable of producing xanthan gum.
AJVO00000000 (155 contigs)
na
X. vasicola
vasculorum
NCPPB 1326, NCPPB 1381, NCPPB 206
Sugarcane
Gumming disease
AKBK00000000 (580 contigs) AKBL00000000 (603 contigs) AKBM00000000 (248 contigs)
na
X. campestris (vasicola)
musacearum
NCPPB 2005, NCPPB 4379, NCPPB 4380, NCPPB 4384, NCPPB 4392, NCPPB 4394
Banana
Enset wilt
AKBE00000000 (221 contigs) AKBF00000000 (279 contigs) AKBG00000000 (314 contigs) AKBH00000000 (1849 contigs) AKBI00000000 (300 contigs) AKBJ00000000 (481 contigs)
na
X. axonopodis
manihotis
65 strains
Cassava (Manihot esculenta)
Bacterial blight
121-888 contigs
na
X. citri
mangiferaeindicae
LMG941
India (1957)
Mango (Mangifera indica)
Black spot
CAHO01000001 (195 contigs)
na
X. axonopodis
punicae
LMG859
India
Pomegranate (Punica granatum)
Leaf blight
To understand the ecology and evolution of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. punicae by whole genome sequencing.
CAGJ01000001 (217 contigs)
unpublished
na
X. sacchari
NCPPB4393
Tanzania (2007)
Isolated from insect on diseased Musa species
Comparative genomics of banana-associated bacteria. This bacterium was isolated from an insect associated with banana plant in Tanzania.
AGDB00000000 (470 contigs)
unpublished
Xanthomonas spec.
NCPPB1132
Western Samoa (1961)
Banana (Musa canksii var. samoensis)
Comparative genomics of banana-associated bacteria. Bacterium isolated from banana in Western Samoa.
AGHZ00000000 (1717 contigs)
unpublished
Xanthomonas spec.
NCPPB1131
Eastern Samoa (1961)
Banana (Musa paradisiaca)
Comparative genomics of banana-associated bacteria. Bacterium isolated from banana in Eastern Samoa.
AGHY00000000 (3224 contigs)
unpublished
X. axonopodis
citrumelo
F1 (FL 1195)
Florida (USA) (1984)
Citrus
Bacterial spot
X. campestris
raphani
756C
East Asia
Brassica oleracea var. capitata
Leaf spot
na
unpublished
X. oryzae
oryzicola
BLS256
Philippines
Rice
Bacterial streak
This strain causes bacterial streak disease, a disease which is increasing in frequency in Asia. This strain induces hypersensitive response in a maize line carrying Rxo1.
X. hortorum
carotae
M081
Oregon (USA)
Carrot (Daucus carota)
Bacterial leaf blight
This organism is an important carrot pathogen.
unpublished
unpublished
na
X. oryzae
X8-1A
Louisiana (USA) (1987)
Rice
Bacterial leaf blight
X. oryzae strains X11-5A and X8-1A are the first sequenced strains from a distinct United States clade of the rice bacterial leaf blight pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae
AFHL01000000 (875 contigs)
unpublished
X. oryzae
X11-5A
Texas (USA) (1987)
Rice
Bacterial leaf blight
X. oryzae strains X11-5A and X8-1A are the first sequenced strains from a distinct United States clade of the rice bacterial leaf blight pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae
AFHK01000000 (529 contigs)
unpublished
X. vesicatoria
1111 (ATCC 35937)
New Zealand
Tomato and pepper (isolated from Lycopersicon lycopersicum
Bacterial spot
AEQV00000000 (296 contigs)
unpublished
X. perforans
91-118
Tomato
Bacterial spot
AEQW01000000 (291 contigs)
unpublished
X. gardneri
101 (ATCC 19865)
Yugoslavia
Tomato and pepper (isolated from Lycopersicon esculentum)
Bacterial spot
AEQX01000000 (552 contigs)
unpublished
X. campestris (vasicola)
musacearum
NCPPB4381
Uganda
Banana
Bacterial wilt (BXW)
ACHT01000000 (751 contigs)
NZ_ACHT00000000 (115 scaffolds)
X. campestris (vasicola)
vasculorum
NCPPB702
Zimbabwe
Sugarcane
Gumming disease
ACHS01000000 (488 contigs)
NZ_ACHS00000000 (97 scaffolds)
X. fuscans
aurantifolii
ICPB 11122
na
Citrus
Citrus canker
This subspecies causes cankers on Citrus spp. This strain, also known as Xanthomonas fuscans subsp. aurantifolii B causes a type of Citrus canker, known as B cancrosis, a very desctrutive and world-wide disease, infecting mainly lemons in Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay.
ACPX00000000 (237 contigs)
X. fuscans
aurantifolii
ICPB 10535
na
Citrus
Citrus canker
This subspecies causes cankers on Citrus spp. This strain, also known as Xanthomonas fuscans subsp. aurantifolii C causes a type of Citrus canker, known as Mexican lime cancrosis or C cancrosis.
ACPY00000000 (351 contigs)
X. albilineans
na
GPE PC73
Guadeloupe
Sugarcane
Leaf scald
Xanthomonas albilineans produces a potent toxin, albicidin, which is responsible for the characteristic whitening of sugar cane leaves and stunted plant growth. Infection with Xanthomonas albilineans can lead to rapid wilting and death. Plants infected with Xanthomonas albilineans can be asymptomatic with active disease occurring after a period of stress, such as a drought. Xanthomonas albilineans GPE PC73 was isolated in Guadeloupe and is closely related to strains isolated in Asia, Africa, and North America.
X. oryzae
oryzae
PXO99A
Los Ba˝os (Philippines)
Rice
Bacterial blight
This strain is a representative strain of race 6 isolated in the Philippines. This plant pathogen affects rice plants by causing leaf blight, a major problem in Asian countries where rice production occurs on an industrial scale. This organism enters the xylem and spreads throughout the vascular tissue of the plant, which results in wilting of the plant, or to leaf blight if the infection occurs later in development.
na
X. campestris
campestris
B100
Italy
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
Black rot
This species is a major cause of black rot in crucifers, a disease that results in massive tissue degeneration. It also produces an extracellular polysaccharide known as xanthan, which is harvested commercially as a food stabilizing agent for use in industry.
X. campestris
vesicatoria
85-10
Florida (USA) ?
Pepper
Bacterial spot
This pathovar can be divided into three races, pepper race 1 which causes disease in all peppers, pepper race 2 which causes a limited disease in peppers that have a specific resistance gene, and a tomato strain which causes a limited disease in all peppers. Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria strain 85-10 is a pepper race 2 strain.
X. oryzae
oryzae
MAFF 311018
Japan
Rice
Bacterial blight
This strain (MAFF 311018; T7174) is a Japanese representative strain of race I. This plant pathogen affects rice plants by causing leaf blight, a major problem in Asian countries where rice production occurs on an industrial scale. This pathogen enters the xylem and spreads throughout the vascular tissue of the plant, which results in wilting of the plant, or to leaf blight if the infection occurs later in development.
X. campestris
campestris
8004
Sussex (UK), 1958
Cauliflower
Black rot
This species is a major cause of black rot in crucifers, a disease that results in massive tissue degeneration. It also produces an extracellular polysaccharide known as xanthan, which is harvested commercially as a food stabilizing agent for use in industry. This strain is a derivative of strain NCPBB No. 1145. The original was isolated from an inflected cauliflower in Sussex, United Kingdom, in 1958. Strain 8004 is a spontaneous rifampicin resistant strain and has been used extensively in many studies.
X. oryzae
oryzae
KACC10331
Korea
Rice
Bacterial blight
This plant pathogen affects rice plants by causing leaf blight, a major problem in Asian countries where rice production occurs on an industrial scale. Losses of up to 50% of the total crop can occur in extreme cases. This pathogen enters the xylem and spreads throughout the vascular tissue of the plant, which results in wilting of the plant, or to leaf blight if the infection occurs later in development.
X. axonopodis
citri
306
unknown
Citrus
Citrus canker
This species causes citrus canker, a localized infection which affects citrus plants worldwide. Virulence may increase if the insect Phyllocnistis citrella, a citrus leaf miner, is present.
X. campestris
campestris
ATCC 33913
unknown
Cabbage
Black rot
This species is a major cause of black rot in crucifers, a disease that results in massive tissue degeneration. It also produces an extracellular polysaccharide known as xanthan, which is harvested commercially as a food stabilizing agent for use in industry.

-- Ralf Koebnik - 22 April 2014 --